Buah Merah (P. conoideus) is chosen as most nutritious species
among tens of Pandanus species. The trees are naturally grown everywhere
in Wamena valley and other places in Papua island. Recently, the
habitants started to plant the trees at surroundings of their houses (Honai),
because Buah Merah makes money.
Buah Merah tree has many side-roots coming from the trunk. It looks
like a octupus.
Pandanus is named after octupus
The biggest Buah Merah reaches more than 100 cm in
length and 10kg in weight. The tree becomes more than 10ml tall.
It is said that this strain of Buah Merah is harvested twice a
Meats with seeds are placed on the
surface. They are separated from the medulla after cooking and squeezed
with hands to get oily source which is stored for daily use.
The habitants in Wamena know naturally ow Buah Merah is nutritious
and helpful for their health.
Buah Merah extract from fruits are rich in oils, carotenoids and
M&K Laboratories Inc., Japan, previously presided by Dr.
Nishigaki T. has first discovered the presence of beta-cryptoxanthin,
one of carotenoids, in Buah Merah.